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A portrait of a police officer.

My Rights Under the

United States Constitution

what you should know


I respect you, but my attorney suggests that I ask for your name and badge number. If this traffic stop goes beyond the original reason you stopped me, then I respectfully request a supervisor to be present.

I do NOT consent to any searches.

My lawyer has instructed me NOT to consent to any searches of my property or of my person under the 4th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution. 


I do NOT consent to any search in my home, vehicle or residence without a warrant.  

I choose NOT to answer any questions without first speaking with my lawyer. My lawyer has instructed me not to answer any questions without him being present, and I invoke my right to remain silent under the 5th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution.


I want to leave. Am I free to go?

If I am not free to leave, my lawyer wants you to articulate specific facts of reasonable suspicion of any illegal activity. If you cannot, then I want to leave without delay. Terry v. Ohio, 392 U.S. 1 (1968); Brown v. Texas, 443 U.S. 47, 52 (1979); U.S. v. Sokolow 490 U.S. 1 (1989);  Illinois v. Wardlow, 528 U.S. 119 (2000); Florida v. J.L., 529 U.S. 266 (2000)


I choose NOT to take field DUI tests.

My lawyer has instructed me NOT to take any field sobriety tests, like walking in a  straight line or holding my head back and touching my nose with my hand. All such field tests are voluntary, and my refusal cannot be used against me per KRS 189A.100(1). If you request, I will take a Blood Alcohol or Blood Test, but I do not waive any liability and will not sign any release. I request an independent test of my blood at a hospital. 


Officer, I want to contact my attorney before answering any of your questions, and his info is:



Lexington, Kentucky  


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